THE ISLAND OF EUBOEA (EVIA)

Euboea is one of the most impressive Greek islands because of its extraordinarily diverse landscape. You will encounter valleys, mountains and gorges, numerous beautiful beaches and a diverse flora and fauna, as well as original traditions and culture, away from the major tourist centres.

 

Euboea (Modern Greek Εύβοια, pronounced Évia) is the second largest Greek island after Crete, with an area of 3,660 km. The capital is Chalkida (formerly Chalkis). The island is connected to the mainland by two bridges; one of them spans the Euripos, the narrowest strait in the world at only 40 metres.

 

Evia is an elongated island, about 175 kilometres long. It is only 6 kilometres wide at its narrowest point in North Evia and 45 kilometres wide at its widest point.

The island belongs to the region of Sterea Ellada (Central Greece). The island of Skyros, for example, also belongs to the regional district of Evia.

Like most Greek islands, Evia was formerly known by other names, for example as Μάκρις/Makris, and Δολίχη/Doliche, referring to the shape of the island, or as Ellopia, Aonia and Abantis after the tribes inhabiting it . The ancient and modern name Εὔβοια is derived from εὖ 'good' and βοῦς 'cattle'. This gives the meaning 'land of well-fed cattle'.

In the Middle Ages, Byzantine authors also used the names Chalkis and Euripos for the island (transferred from the name of the capital and the strait respectively) in addition to Evia. When the Venetians occupied the area in the 13th century, they called the island Negroponte.

Evia is separated from the Greek mainland by the long Gulf of Euboea. It is assumed that Evia was originally part of the Greek mainland. Since the island lies near a fault line, it is quite conceivable that Evia was separated from it by an earthquake.

The strait between Evia and the Greek mainland is called Euripos (Porthmós Evrípou) at Chalkida, where it is narrowest at only 40 metres. The unusually strong tidal changes at this point have attracted great interest since ancient times. The current changes its direction frequently and very suddenly, while its strength remains the same. Greek myths even report that Aristotle, a Greek polymath and naturalist, threw himself into the waters of the Euripos out of desperation because he could not solve the riddle of its atypical tides. He probably didn't, but his despair over it could still be understood by many researchers after him. To this day, the phenomenon has not been fully explained.  If you are interested, you can read more about the Euripos phenomenon here.

Drymonas waterfalls and mountain Xiros Oros

One of the most beautiful gorges in Euboea is Drymonas with its waterfall. (Municipality of Elymnion, northern Euboea, about 34 km from Loutra Edipso). Read more

Island Paradise Lichadonisia

Lichadonisia, the green islands of endless blue that forever preserve the mystery of their formation, and their former inhabitants. Read more


Kanatadika - Wetland Istiaia (Istea spoken)

The coastal village of Kanatadika is located in the north of Euboea near Istiaia. Kanatadika is best known for its ecologically important wetland biotope. Read more

Loutra Edipsou - The most famous spa in Greece

Loutra Edipsou is one of the oldest and most visited spas in Greece, located in the north of the island of Euboea. It has been known for its thermal springs since around the 5th century BC.  Read more


Chalkida - Island capital

Chalkida (Χαλκίδα) is the capital of the island of Euboea (also called Evia). Chalkida belongs to the region of Central Greece and lies on both sides of the narrow Euripos strait, i.e. partly on the mainland and partly on the island of Evia.

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Other sights in the north of Evia